|Publisher||Journal Of Geology And Mining Research Vol. 5(2) Pp. 38-57|
|Publication Title||Interpretation Of Aeromagnetic Anomalies And Electrical Resistivity Mapping Around Iwaraja Area Southwestern Nigeria|
|Publication Authors||Adelusi A. O., Kayode J. S. and Akinlalu A. A.|
Aeromagnetic, ground magnetic and vertical electrical sounding (VES) methods were used to delineate the basement structures around Iwaraja area, southwestern Nigeria. In doing this, an aeromagnetic sheet 264 of the Geological Survey of Nigeria (GSN) and digitized aeromagnetic map from Nigeria Geological Survey Agency (NGSA, 2008) were interpreted. Also sixteen ground magnetic profiling were carried out, mostly in the E-W direction. A total of sixty seven vertical electrical soundings using Schlumberger electrode configuration was occupied. Qualitative interpretation of the aeromagnetic and ground magnetic profiles suggest varying magnetic intensities from different sources producing the anomaly. Quantitative interpretation aided by the manual half slope and automated Euler deconvolution techniques yielded information on depth to fracture, ranging between 6 and 38 m. Vertical electrical sounding results helped in the delineation of four subsurface geologic layers, also basement depressions that coincides with fracture zones were mapped in the area. The top soil layer resistivity ranges from 50 to 2359 m. The weathered layer (clay, clayey sand, sand and sandy clay) resistivity ranges from 35 to 4935 m while the fractured basement ranges from 152 to 981 m and the fresh basement resistivity ranges from 1132 to 22821 m. A major basement ridge (Rs1) trending approximately in the NE-SW direction was also delineated.
|Publisher||International Journal Of Physical Sciences|
|Publication Title||Integrated Geophysical Investigation For Post-construction Studies Of Buildings Around School Of Science Area, Federal University Of Technology, Akure, Southwestern, Nigeria|
|Publication Authors||A. O. Adelusi, A. A. Akinlalu and A. I. Nwachukwu|
An integrated geophysical investigation involving ground magnetic, very low frequency (VLF-EM), and electrical resistivity methods using dipole–dipole array and schlumberger vertical electrical sounding (VES) techniques were conducted around School of Science Area Obanla, Federal University of Technology, Akure, for post construction studies in assessing building foundation integrity. Two traverses were established in approximately E-W direction of length 170 to 200 m and station interval of 10 m, along which VLF-EM, ground magnetic and dipole–dipole measurements were carried out. Sixteen VES stations were occupied within the study area. The VLF- EM data were interpreted using the Karous Hjelt (KH) package and inverted into its 2D Pseudosection. The VES data were quantitatively interpreted using the partial curve matching technique and 1-D forward modelling with WinResist 1.0 version software. The dipole-dipole data were inverted into 2-D resistivity images using the DIPPRO™ 4.0 inversion software. The VLF-EM result mapped three near surface conductive zones suspected to be fractures/faults which are inimical to foundation integrity. The magnetic results delineated series of bedrock ridges and depression. The VES result delineated four major Geo-electric layers within the study area. The topsoil, weathered layer, fractured bedrock and fresh bedrock. The top soil (resistivity varies from 47 to 490 Ωm and thickness ranges from 0.7 to 3.9 m); weathered layer (resistivity varies from 13 to 207 Ωm and thickness ranges from 1.9 to 22.1 m), fractured bedrock (resistivity varies from 489.3 to 878.8 Ωm and thickness ranges from 2.4 to 19.6 m) and bedrock with resistivity 1094 to 96583 Ωm and depth to bedrock 2.6 to 24.8 m). The dipole-dipole results also mapped linear features (fracture) at distance 60 to 100 m and 100 to 120 m respectively along the two traverses. Then from the geophysical investigation, three major causes of potential failure in the area were identified, these are; failure due to lateral inhomogeneity of the subsurface layers, failure precipitated by differential settlement and failure initiated by geologic features such as fractures and faults.