EMMANUEL Adebayo Adewunmi (Publications)
Publisher World Scholars
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Poverty Alleviation Strategies By Non-Profit Organisations: Benefactors Experience In The Riverine Area Of Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal Of Developing Societies, 1(2), 43-52.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2012
Abstract

Poverty alleviation is the concern of individuals, governments and international organisations. However, Non-profit Organisations (especially those that are community-based) are not left out of the alleviation process since they are in direct contact with the menace and truly know the magnitude of the scourge. This paper reveals the contributions of Non-profit Organisations (NPOs) which are based in coastal areas of Ondo State, Nigeria towards alleviating the poverty of the residents. The research involved investigated the activities of Community-based Organisations (CBOs) in Ilaje Local Government Area (LGA) of the state through the administration of questionnaire to 230 household-heads. Stratified random sampling was applied to select settlements for the study using existing political wards as strata. Systematic sampling was further employed to select particular households for investigation. Among others, findings revealed a greater dependence on loan by residents as a measure to mitigate poverty and a corresponding high level of affiliation with cooperative societies in the communities. Recommendations include the need for CBOs to expand their scope for sourcing fund beyond reliance on membership contributions in order to meet the needs of the people they intend to lift out of poverty.


Publisher Science Domain International
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Communal Facilities In Coastal Settlements Of Ondo State, Nigeria: Assessment Of CBOs’ Efforts Using The Facility Contributory Index Model. British Journal Of Education, Society And Behavioural Science, 2(2), 150-161.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. and Akinbode, T.
Year Published 2012
Abstract

Provision of Infrastructure is a facilitator for economic advancement at various levels. The impact on local economic development and the mitigation of poverty is immeasurable. Lack of or poor infrastructure has always impeded economic development. In some cases, CBOs embark on physical development projects to provide amenities in their communities. This paper uncovers the impact of facilities provided by CBOs (especially the CDAs) in Ilaje Local Government Area (a coastal LGA) of Ondo State, Nigeria on the economy of residents. The data were derived from 230 respondents through the administration of questionnaire and participant observation. The questionnaire probed into the perceived level of contribution of each physical infrastructure (provided by the CDAs) to the economy of the residents. Facility Contributory Index (FCI) model was developed using likert’s scale to analyse levels of contribution of the facilities. The results revealed among other things that facilities for electric power generation ranked highest on the FCI Table of assessment while recreational facilities had least contribution to residents’ economy as a result of low provision and impact level. The relevance of effective power generating facility and other vital infrastructure to businesses and economic development was affirmed. Recommendations include policy review in order to facilitate collaboration between government, CBOs and NGOs with the intention to catalyse the efforts of CBOs in rural coastal communities.


Publisher International Journal Of Research In Education, Ikot-Epene, Nigeria
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Recreational Pattern Of Students In Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: A Study Of Ondo And Ekiti States Of Nigeria. International Journal Of Research In Education, 7(1), 114-129.
Publication Authors Emmanuel. A.A. and Ajayi, M.O.
Year Published 2010
Abstract

Recreation is very vital for all categories of persons in the society no matter the age, social or economic status considering the stress placed upon each individual in order to make ends meet and the resultant hazard on individuals. The assumption is that Nigerian students are too encumbered with heavy academic burden such that they are too busy to recreate. This paper focuses on the recreational pattern of students in institutions of higher learning in two contiguous south-western states in Nigeria, namely Ondo and Ekiti. In particular, the study looked into the adequacy of facilities available in the institutions, the frequency of students’ participation in recreation and factors inhibiting their participation in recreational activities. In addition, students’ preference for the different forms of indoor and outdoor recreational activities and the propensity to pay for the use of recreational facilities were investigated. Fifty questionnaire copies were administered on randomly sampled students from each of the six institutions of higher learning in both states. A total of three hundred questionnaire copies were thus administered. It was discovered among other things that more students recreate by going to parties rather than night clubs while (as a big surprise) the greatest number of students see their academic work as posing very little hindrance to their recreation and more than two-third would be willing to pay for the use of recreational facilities provided on campus if the need arises. 


Publisher Mediterranean Centre Of Social And Educational Research
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Relative Impact Of Infrastructural Provision By CBOs In Akure South LGA Of Ondo State, Nigeria: Application Of Facility Contributory Index. Mediterranean Journal Of Social Sciences, 3(2), 243-250.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2012
Abstract

Infrastructural provision is a catalyst for economic development at various levels. The influence on local economic development and the alleviation of poverty is unquantifiable. In some instances, CBOs embark on physical development projects to provide facilities in their communities. This paper exposes the relative impact of facilities provided by CBOs in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria on the economy of residents. 262 respondents of the LGA which were selected by stratified random sampling provided information through a questionnaire to reveal the degree of contribution of certain 10 facilities to their personal economy. Facility Contributory Index (FCI) model was developed using likert’s scale to determine various levels of contribution of the facilities. It was discovered among other things that Health related facilities ranked highest on the FCI Table of assessment while recreational facilities remain the least contributor due to low provision coupled with degree of contribution. Recommendations include a policy overhaul to establish partnership between government and NPOs in order to stimulate efforts of CBOs in local communities.


Publisher Lambert Academic Publishing
Publication Type Books
Publication Title Local Economic Development In South-western Nigeria: Impact Of Government And Non-Profit Organisations. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2011
Abstract

Poverty in the developing countries has been a major cankerworm, eating deep into the lives of so many people. Local Economic Development (LED) is a fairly recent concept in the process of poverty alleviation, which tries to combine the efforts of both government and Non-profit Organisations (NPOs) in the face of available local resources to improve people’s living standard. This book exposes the extent to which the concept of LED has been embraced in a typical Local Government Area in south-western Nigeria. It reveals the extent of local government intervention and that of NPOs, especially the Community-based Organisations (CBOs) in the process of working to improve living standard in local communities. Various initiatives employed in the LED process are highlighted in the face of existing constraints encountered by the participating NPOs. Analyses reveal the extent to which the LED initiatives have impacted on people’s economy in the region. This book would be especially useful to policy makers in government, researchers in poverty or LED studies, non-profit organisations and anyone with similar interests.


Publisher School Of Environmental Technology, Federal University Of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title The Role Of Youth Organisations In Urban Development: A Focus On Isinkan Youth Forum In Akure, Nigeria. In J.A.B. Olujimi, Et Al. (Eds), Man, Technological Advancement And Sustainable Environment. Proceedings Of International Conference Organised By The School Of Environmental Technology, Federal University Of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. Held At The Federal University Of Technology, Akure, Nigeria From 25th – 27th October, 2010, 47-54.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A., Olujimi, J.A.B. & Fasakin, J.O.
Year Published 2010
Abstract

Community-Based Organisations (CBOs) exist in diverse forms in both rural and urban areas. One of such expressions is the Youth Organisation. The large number and vigour exhibited by this group generate a major developmental force to be reckoned with in any community. This study aimed at investigating the developmental efforts of a selected Youth Organisation in Akure, Nigeria. The paper exposes the contributions of Isinkan Youth Forum (a Community-Based Youth Organisation in the city) towards the welfare of their host community. Focus Group Discussion was carried out with some executive members of the Organisation coupled with visits to sites of some of the projects executed by the Organisation. Findings revealed among others that Youth Organisations contribute towards infrastructural development and Environmental Management within Urban Communities. The need to work with relevant agencies which are connected to urban development is a major recommendation.


Publisher Academic Journals
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Environmental Implications Of Oil Exploration And Exploitation In The Coastal Region Of Ondo State, Nigeria: A Regional Planning Appraisal. Journal Of Geography And Regional Planning, 4(3), 110-121.
Publication Authors Olujimi, J.A.B., Emmanuel, A.A. and Sogbon, O.
Year Published 2011
Abstract

Oil exploration and exploitation in Nigeria have evolved through a long history. However, they have left trail of woes in their path with so much damage to the ecosystem and problems to human life in the exploration region. In the light of this, the paper appraises the implications of oil exploration and exploitation in the coastal region of Ondo State. Data used in the paper were obtained through physical verification, regular observations, constant monitoring, documentation and records of oral history and administration of questionnaire in some selected settlements in the region. The paper highlighted several direct environmental and associated problems that emanated from oil exploration and exploitation in the region. The problems identified among others include large-scale environmental pollution and degradation of agricultural land which serves as source of income for the people coupled with social unrest arising from unpaid claims of compensation and lack of concern for the people in the exploration area. The paper advocates for oil spill management plan, control and clearance of spills; giving concessions to indigenous oil companies during bidding process by granting licenses to operate in the Niger-Delta region; adoption of long-term monitoring and surveillance mechanism; continuous provision of infrastructure for the host communities by prospecting oil companies; and development of national oil spill contingency plan among others with a view to guarantee sustainable development of the environment in the region.


Publisher Tourism Research Institute Of Athens, Greece
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Towards A Sustainable Development Of A World Heritage Site: Focus On Idanre Hills In Ondo State, Nigeria. In L. Dimitris (Ed.), Tourism And Hospitality Management. Proceedings Of Second International Conference Organised By The Tourism Research Institute Of Athens. Held In Athens, Greece From 22nd - 23rd May, 2010, 16-27.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. & Rotowa, O.O.
Year Published 2010
Abstract

Idanre Hills in south-western Nigeria featured on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Site on October 8, 2007. The site is at times referred to as “Idanre Hill” implying an entity or a cluster of closely knit interlocking hills which envelope the present Idanre town in Ondo State, Nigeria. It is a cluster of intimidating and imposing hills housing a combination of some wonders of nature and fascinating relics of the ancient Idanre town on the hills. This paper reviews the past efforts of governments and the community towards promoting Idanre Hills as a must-visit tourist attraction. It goes ahead to expose the very recent efforts of the state government through ongoing major development in the nearby capital city (which includes the city beautification) and the elaborate and well publicised MARE festival of December, 2009 at Idanre town. Also, several recommendations are made to complement these efforts with the aim of achieving a sustainable development of Idanre Hills as a World Heritage Site.


Publisher ICHPERSD African Region
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Civil Servants’ Recreation Culture In Akure Region Of Ondo State, Nigeria. In I.U. Onyewadume, Et Al. (Eds.), Proceedings Of 4th ICHPERSD African Regional Congress. Held At The University Of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana From 14th - 17th October, 2008, 301-315
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. & Olujimi, J.A.B.
Year Published 2008
Abstract

This paper focuses on the recreation habit of civil servants working in Akure Region of Ondo State, Nigeria. In specific terms, it highlights their familiarity and association with notable recreational centres in the study area and touches the specific forms of indoor and outdoor recreation which they engage in among other things. A multiple-choice questionnaire was employed in a survey process to elicit data from civil servants in the state and local government workforce. Inferences were made from descriptive statistical analyses. It was found that several civil servants recreate with table games during work hours while the greatest percentage patronise recreational centres which provide associated needs such as drinks, snacks and food on daily basis. Recommendations include the need to provide functional recreational centres within the residential neighbourhoods.


Publisher Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Patronage Of Health Facilities By Rural Dwellers In Owo Region, Nigeria And Its Implication For The Millennium Goals. In E.O. Akinnawo, Et Al. (Eds.), Socio-Economic Policies And Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) In Africa. Proceedings Of International Conference Held At Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria From 24th – 26th September, 2008, 230-242.
Publication Authors Olujimi, J.A.B., Emmanuel, A.A. & Dagogo, S.
Year Published 2008
Abstract

Three of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) centre on health. These three goals are reducing child mortality by two-thirds; reducing maternal mortality by three-fourths; and halting and beginning to reverse the spread fo HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major diseases by 2015. This paper investigates patronage of health care facilities by rural dwellers (a group that constitutes the majority of the population in Nigeria); with a view to identifying the challenges posed in the achievement of the MDGs. This paper focuses on Owo region, Nigeria to reflect the situation in Ondo State. Two sets of questionnaires were used in the collection of primary data. The first set was administered on 348 randomly selected rural household heads drawn from 22 rural settlements in the region. The second set was administered on 45 randomly selected health care facility operators. In addition to the primary data used in the study, secondary data were collected from different sources. The significant factors that were responsible for the pattern of patronage were determined using multiple regression analysis model. The implications of the results in the achievement of the MDGs in the region in particular and Nigeria in general were discussed. Finally, suggestions that will improve the quality of the health care services and their patronage by rural dwellers were enumerated.


Publisher Tourism Research Institute Of Athens, Greece
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Workers’ Recreation Habit In Akure City Of Ondo State, Nigeria. In L. Dimitris (Ed.), Tourism And Hospital Management. Proceedings Of First International Conference Organised By The Tourism Research Institute Of Athens, Greece From 13th - 15th June, 2008, 204-220.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2008
Abstract

Recreation brings physical, mental and spiritual refreshment and restoration. It is a great life necessity which leads to the mastery of physical self and provides general efficiency in adulthood (Halsaul, 1982). This paper informs about the recreation habit of civil servants working in various ministries of the Ondo State Government of Nigeria. It highlights their familiarity and association with the notable recreational centres in the city of Akure. It touches the specific forms of indoor and outdoor recreation which the civil servants engage in and their knowledge of known benefits of recreation. Additionally, their expectations towards improving recreation habits and facilities are revealed. Survey questionnaire formed the data collection tool for this paper while recommendations have been made to include increase in publicity and public sensitization and the need for government to upgrade recreational facilities and increase investment in tourism and recreation among others.


Publisher Tourism Research Institute, Athens, Greece
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Harnessing Tourism Potentials For Local Economic Development In Ondo State, Nigeria. Tourism Issues, 4(1), 12-28.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2008
Abstract

Tourism has been described as an important venture to bring or take employment into the rural areas (where there are few or no industries) with the ultimate goal of alleviating poverty. The means by which such a goal can be achieved is the main focus of this paper. It examines the concept of tourism and related subjects such as recreation, transportation and provision of lodging facilities. The place of tourism in employment generation together with a succinct outline of tourism institutional evolution is highlighted in the Nigerian context. Various tourisms potentials, which exist in Ondo state, are discussed while constraints towards the development of tourism as it relates to economic empowerment were mentioned. Major attractions include Idanre hills, Ebomi Lake, Igbokoda waterfront, museums and monuments, and various festivals and ceremonies. Constraints which include poor funding, low publicity/enlightenment and the low per capita income of the people are discussed. This paper rounds off with a near exhaustive ‘cache’ of suggestions towards improving tourism development with the intention to alleviate poverty in Ondo state.


Publisher Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Appraisal Of Primary School Facilities In Osogbo Local Government Area Of Osun State, Nigeria. In W. Fadare & A. Adesanya (Eds.), Towards A Sustainable Built And Natural Environment. Proceedings Of International Conference Organised By Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria. Held From 17th - 19th January, 2007, 270-281.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2007
Abstract

This study appraises infrastructural facilities in primary schools within Osogbo Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. The aim of the study is to assess the problems associated with facility provision and maintenance in primary schools in the study area with a view to advancing appropriate planning proposals for a sustainable and conducive learning environment. The objectives include the identification of various primary schools and an assessment of adequacy of existing physical facilities in those schools. Activities of various agencies responsible for the provision and maintenance of primary school facilities and problems militating against the good functioning of these facilities were examined. Structured questionnaire and interview guide coupled with personal observation and oral interview were employed to gather data. Systematic random sampling procedure was employed to collect information from 26 primary schools in the study area. Facility adequacy index was employed for data analysis. Findings revealed, among other things, that adequate and functional school facilities have influence on academic performance of the school pupils and that facilities such as classroom blocks, library, water and electricity supply, and recreational equipment were grossly inadequate to meet the needs of the schools. Inefficient agencies and low public and private participation in the provision of the school facilities were other problems. Recommendations include the initiation of a comprehensive sanitation policy in schools and the encouragement of private sector participation in order to achieve sustainable academic environment.

 


Publisher Department Of Urban And Regional Planning, University Of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
Publication Type Others
Publication Title The Evolving Role Of Professional Town Planners In The Built Environment. In S. Fadare & I. Nwokoro (Eds.), Emerging Issues In Urban Planning And Development. Department Of Urban And Regional Planning, University Of Lagos, Akoka-Lagos, Nigeria (In Print). 27-39
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. and Ayo-Odifiri, S.O.
Year Published 2013
Abstract

The unprecedented high rate of changes in the built environment and its adverse challenges on man has assumed a worrisome dimension. This has in no small measure confronted various professionals in the built environment without excluding the professional Town Planner. Cities must respond to changing needs of their population in the face of globalisation and limited local resources. This paper highlights the socio-physical components influencing the make-up and activities of the built environment. It equally exposes the factors responsible for recent changes within the built environment and goes ahead to reveal the challenges currently faced by professional Town Planners in Nigeria. The resultant emerging roles of the Town Planners in the twenty-first century are also discussed. It concludes by making recommendations to facilitate the execution of evolving Town Planners’ roles in the process of time.


Publisher Department Of Urban And Regional Planning, University Of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Dynamics Of Poverty Alleviation And Local Economic Development In Nigeria: Physical Planning Perspectives. Urban And Regional Planning Review, 2(1), 53-58.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. and Lawanson, T.O.
Year Published 2007
Abstract

This paper studies physical planning perspectives to poverty alleviation and local economic development in Nigerian cities. Major issues examined include the proliferation of slums, citizen participation and globalization as they affect urban and regional planning practice and the consequences for both environmental and economic development. It was discovered that environmental degradation and urban congestion can be controlled when the poverty level of the people is reduced. LED initiatives serve as opportunities for the planner to practice bottom-up planning as against the Top-down planning of traditional approaches. It is also important for planners to take into consideration the economic status of those they are planning for. Globalization presents new economic opportunities and risks for cities, regions and nations, therefore the contemporary planner must ensure that new town development and urban regeneration exercises be aimed at developing globally competitive, visitor and business friendly communities. Recommendations include leverage planning, economic development services and advocacy.


Publisher Journal Of The Environment
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Local Economic Development Activity As A Concept For Poverty Alleviation (A Case Study Of Odigbo LGA Of Ondo State). Journal Of The Environment, 1(1), 47-56.
Publication Authors Emmanuel. A.A.
Year Published 2005
Abstract

This research aimed at exploring the extent to which Local Economic Development (LED) - a fairly recent concept towards poverty alleviation - had been embraced in Odigbo LGA of Ondo State, Nigeria. The objectives were to identify the available economic resources; investigate the activities of both government and NGOs/CBOs; identify problems and prospects of LED activities and the impact of such activities on the people’s standard of living. The study revealed among other things that more than half of the non-governmental efforts were initiated by Community-Based Organisations with the award of loans being the major strategy employed. It also revealed that government’s efforts have been mainly in the area of infrastructural provision in certain areas. The two hypotheses tested revealed that credit loans have improved the economy of the beneficiaries and that there was a significant difference in the contribution of various LED strategies with the award of loan standing out as the major contributor. Recommendations include the development of a guiding policy to aid LED activities and that a major resource (Bitumen) found in the area be tapped to improve the standard of living of the people. 


Publisher Industrial Science Publication, Sango-Ota, Nigeria
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title The Use Of Computers In Urban And Regional Planning. International Journal Of Environmental Sciences, 1(1&2), 91-100.
Publication Authors Fasakin J.O. and Emmanuel, A. A.
Year Published 2004
Abstract

The profession of Urban and Regional Planning is about making the environment conducive for human habitation. The environment is seen in form of settlements with varying degrees of complexity. Certain settlements such as the city have grown to become complex systems within which cybernetic interactions occur (Mcloughlin, 1969). The use of computers aid the exchange of information between global cities through the use of internet.  Beyond the use of computers to communicate and obtain ideas and information, virtually all activities are carried out in recent time with the aid of the computer. The Urban and Regional Planner needs to carry out several professional tasks, which continue to increase with series of emerging trends. In the light of advancement, planning has become a multifaceted discipline (having gone beyond the drawing board profession) with the Town Planner’s assistance required in almost every field of life. In order to move along with other professionals, and to supply information in the form that will be useful to them, the Town Planner needs to be acquainted with the use of the computer and the various relevant software.  This paper discusses ways in which the use of computers has aided the Urban and Regional Planning profession, thereby highlighting the need to embrace computer literacy in the planning profession.


Publisher Infinity Press
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Comparing Operational Dynamics Of Community-based Organisations In Geographically Contrasting Areas Of Ondo Stat, Nigeria. Journal Of Sustainable Development Studies, 3(1), 27-44.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2013
Abstract

Community-Driven Development (CDD) is a development approach which gives control of development decisions and resources to community groups. Community-based Organisations (CBOs) are the driving force of this development approach. This paper compares the mode of operation of CBOs in two geographically contrasting areas of Ondo State, Nigeria. Akure South Local Government Area (LGA), an urban hinterland, was compared with Ilaje LGA, a rural coastland. Stratified sampling was employed to gather data from 46 CBOs in the study areas with the aid of a questionnaire which was administered to elicit information from executive members of the CBOs. Data processing involved uni-variate analysis resulting in tables and charts to arrive at various conclusions. Findings revealed among others that there was a high level of dependence by CBOs in the rural coastland on the government for external funding while in contrast there was greater diversification in fund sourcing in the urban hinterland. Recommendations include evolving strategies such as operation of multipurpose cooperative stores by CBOs in the rural coastland to improve financial base in order to meet the needs of members and facility needs of host communities.


Publisher Jubee-Niyi Publishers
Publication Type Others
Publication Title Ensuring Sustainable Solid Waste Management In Lagos Metropolis – A Discourse. In E. Okoko, V. Adekunle & S. Adeduntan (Eds.), Environmental Sustainability And Conservation In Nigeria. Akure: Jubee-Niyi Publishers. 117-124.
Publication Authors Olanrewaju, D.O. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2005
Abstract

The problem of solid waste management has been in existence for long in Lagos metropolis. The rate at which solid waste is generated on daily basis has become an embarrassment to various governments of the State. The situation has never been of such critical nature. The current government seems to be at work again in the process of solving this problem. This paper examines the basic concept of sustainable development and highlights some of the relevant issues when solid waste management is discussed. It goes on to expose particular solid waste management situations in Lagos metropolis with reference to studies carried out in selected Local Government Areas of the State using random sampling techniques. An overview of the past and existing institutional framework for solid waste management in Lagos metropolis was done. Non-collection of waste, funding problems and issues of landfill areas were revealed as some of the major problems of waste management in the metropolis. Recent efforts by the government towards attaining the goal of sustainable solid waste management are pointed out. The paper concludes with elaborate recommendations that include the involvement of the people, the government and the private sector in the management of waste. We believe this will not only lead to making Lagos a cleaner and more beautiful city but will also enhance waste management in other cities in Nigeria.


Publisher Shalom Publishers
Publication Type Others
Publication Title Effects Of Road Dualisation On Owode Onirin - Ikorodu Road And Ikorodu Town Of Lagos State. In J.A. Fadamiro, J.A.B Olujimi & A.M.O. Atolagbe (Eds.), Urban Environmental Sustainability: Interventions And Responses. Akure: Shalom Publishers. 103-113
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2006
Abstract

The planning and implementation of projects should consider economic, environmental and physical impacts. The absence of such considerations has at times led to loss of human lives and in most cases environmental degradation among other things.  This study aims at investigating and evaluating the effects of the dualisation of Owode-Onirin - Ikorodu road on Ikorodu town and the road itself. The objectives are to examine the land use characteristics of Ikorodu town before the dualisation and the demographic and land use effects of the dualisation. Additionally, it is to determine the social, economic and environmental/ecological impact(s) of the dualisation on the road and the people and fabric of Ikorodu town. Questionnaires and interview guides were used in this research (with necessary secondary data) to elicit relevant information. The study reveals that there was a definite increase in land value at Ikorodu town and along the road corridor coupled with a major transition in land use type. It also revealed a remarkable increase in the traffic volume with noise generated along road corridor and a positive shift in the social activities as revealed by evolution of churches and educational institutions. Ikorodu town also experienced a population surge. Proper land use and traffic control is one of the major recommendations, which emanated from this research.


Publisher Sophiapublisher
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Performance Assessment Of Lokoja Confluence Beach As A Tourist Site In Kogi State, Nigeria, International Journal Of Marine Science, 3(33), 258-266
Publication Authors Olorunfemi, S.O. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2013
Abstract

Beach tourism is a global phenomenon mainly in coastal areas of countries with unique and favorable shorelines. However, certain inland waterways serve same purpose of beach tourism. This research (as its objectives) exposes the condition of amenities, identifies associated socio-economic benefits and reveals problems confronting the Lokoja Confluence Beach in Kogi State, Nigeria. A survey design (with the aid of questionnaires and interview guide) was employed to obtain data from tourists, managers of the Confluence Beach and government officials at the State Tourism Board. Purposive sampling technique was adopted to select respondent tourists. Univariate analysis was employed to obtain relevant information from collated data. The research findings revealed the existence of a few functional amenities and some uncompleted facility projects; diverse economic benefits to residents; problems of petty crime, diversion of funds and poor sensitization. Recommendations include provision of supplementary funds by the three tiers of government, development of strategic policy on marketing/sensitization and provision of amenities for indoor games close to the beach front.


Publisher International Institute For Science, Technology And Education
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title The Role Of Road Transportation In Local Economic Development: A Focus On Nigeria Transportation System, Developing Countries Studies, 3(6), 46-53
Publication Authors Olamigoke, E.A. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2013
Abstract

The transport sector is an important component of the economy; impacting on development and the welfare of populations. Road transportation penetrates further into the nooks and cranny of the human environment than other means of transportation. This study probes again into the relationship between a viable transport system and economic development. Specifically, the intertwine between local economic development and road transportation is revealed. It pinpoints the unique functions and the associated benefits of road transportation in the development of local economies in Nigeria. Furthermore, a brief assessment (involving issues of road condition, adequacy and maintenance) of the road transport system in Nigeria is carried out. Drastic measures which include a holistic or integrated approach to road transportation planning and management are suggested in order to move the economy of the nation forward.


Publisher Scientific And Academic Publishing, USA
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Investigating Indicators For Tourist Satisfaction At Mole National Park, Ghana. American Journal Of Tourism Management, 3(1A), 1-6.
Publication Authors Arowosafe, F.C. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2014
Abstract

Tourist satisfaction with particular tourist attractions is manifested in various ways. At times, this is influenced by possible prior experience or lack of it. This paper reveals tourists’ level of satisfaction with visit to Mole National Park, Ghana using certain indicators. Purposive sampling of 50 tourists (42% of average tourist population for a specific period) was employed, using multiple choice questionnaires, to investigate indicators which included actual satisfaction level, likelihood of revisit, probability of inviting others to same park and reasons for possible revisit. It was discovered that the greatest percentage of tourists were young and unmarried and would be willing to repeat their visit mainly for the purpose of seeing another animal (not seen during first visit) in the park and would most likely invite others.  Recommendations include provision of games which attract the youthful population and the introduction of other activities to sustain or improve tourists’ level of satisfaction with the park.


Publisher Routledge Taylor And Francis, UK
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Provision Of Critical Infrastructure In Urban Hinterland And Rural Coastland Of Southwestern Nigeria: Comparing The Efforts Of CBOs. African Geographical Review, DOI: 10.1080/19376812.2013.879634
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. and Fasakin, J.O.
Year Published 2015
Abstract

Community-based organizations (CBOs) embark on physical projects to provide facilities which contribute to improving the economic status of individuals in their communities. This paper describes the impact of infrastructural facilities provided by CBOs in two geographically contrasting local government areas (LGAs) of Ondo State, Nigeria, on the economy of residents. Akure South LGA, an urban hinterland, was compared with Ilaje LGA, a rural coastland. Questionnaires were administered to elicit information from residents on the level of contribution of facilities provided by CBOs to their personal economy. Facility contributory index model was developed to analyze the levels of CBOs’ contribution. The results revealed that facilities in Akure South LGA had higher contributions to the economic well-being of the people than that of the same facilities in Ilaje LGA. Recommendations include a greater intervention by the government through evolution of strategies to provide essential facilities, such as water and electricity, while CBOs are encouraged to engage in capacity building and networking.


Publisher International Council For Research And Innovation In Building And Construction (CIB)
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Impact Of Socio-cultural Characteristics Of Slum Residents On Urban Renewal Policies In Ondo State, Nigeria. In S. Ogunlana Et Al (Eds.), Construction In Developing Countries And Its Contribution To Sustainable Development. Proceedings Of International Council For Research In Building And Construction (CIB) Conference 2014. Held At Orchid Hotels And Events Centre, Lekki, Lagos, Nigeria From 28th – 30th January, 2014, 724-733.
Publication Authors Owoeye, J.O. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2014
Abstract

Contemporary cities in developing nations of the world are characterized by large-scale housing and environmental deficiencies. These traits necessitate the need to begin to explore ways and means of mitigating such deficiencies if they could not be totally eradicated. This study investigated the role that socio-cultural attributes of slum residents may play in the formulation of urban renewal policy aimed at mitigating inherent environmental deficiencies. The study was carried out in the city of Akure, South-western Nigeria. The supposedly slum area was identified and demarcated by major landmarks. The research was achieved through exploratory cross-sectional survey devoid of control but a one-time observation of independent and non-manipulated variables. Data were gathered through distribution of 250 self-administered questionnaires out of which 230 were retrieved representing 92.0% retrieval rate. The questionnaires were supplemented with physical area survey and personal interview. Data were analysed with the aid of Multiple Regression model. Findings revealed that certain societal attributes such as illiteracy, negligence, poor sense of hygiene and maintenance culture may have influence on renewal policy formulation. Such influence may come in form of stimulating sanitary education, clear punitive measures (for misuse of public facilities) and encouragement of public participation. The study therefore recommends regular public enlightenment, environmental education, and improved socio-economic base as effective components of renewal policies for sustainable urban renewal projects.


Publisher Department Of Urban And Regional Planning, Federal University Of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Publication Type Technical Papers
Publication Title Reviewed Federal University Of Technology, Akure Campus Master Plan (2013 – 2022). Prepared For The Federal University Of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Publication Authors Olajuyigbe, A.E., Emmanuel, A.A., Olujimi, J.A.B., Fasakin, J.O., Olanrewaju, D.O., Akinbamijo, O.B., Omole, F.K. and Basorun, J.O.
Year Published 2013
Abstract

Abridged Preface

The Federal University of Technology, Akure Campus Master Plan of 1988 was designed to provide a blueprint for physical development of the University Campus guided by Land Use zoning principles and certain relevant objectives. These aid the functionality of the campus environment in a blend of nature with anthropogenic resources. However, the present situation of physical development in the University calls for concern in the light of the deviations which have taken place with respect to this 1988 Master Plan. Additionally, the need and activities within the Campus environment have shifted greatly from the prior intentions of the 1988 Master Plan. The challenges of the 21st century have gone ahead to influence physical developments with Master Plans needing to accommodate such trend.

The 2013 FUTA Master Plan engages the input of staff and students of the prestigious University. Relevant sectors of the University provided necessary input in collaboration with the University Physical Planning Unit with extensive coordination and design by the University’s Department of Urban and Regional Planning. The involvement of the Students of the University satisfies a participatory role needed in modern times for a successful planning proposal.

The 2013 Master Plan takes into cognisance the various physical development challenges of the 21st century and the diverse dimensions and needs in the light of the Campus Design. Basic standards are considered within the context of globalisation while not ignoring the peculiarity of the local community.  Issue of accessibility within and connecting the campus and a blend of natural and man-made aesthetics are considered. Also, flexibility to allow reviewed objectives, changing technology, expansion and changing circumstances are considered in this review. This review propels the existing situation forward with propositions to retain healthy developments while recommending a shift or adjustment in abysmal existing development trend.

The intention is to ultimately build a University of Technology Campus which meets the global standards in every sense hoping for strict compliance to the dictates of the Master Plan.


Publisher International Institute For Science, Technology And Education
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Marketing The Tourist Potentials In Ondo State, Nigeria For Effective Development. Journal Of Tourism, Hospitality And Sports, 1, 63-71.
Publication Authors Omole, F.K., Amodu, I.E. Olanibi, J.A. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2013
Abstract

The aim of this study is to identify the tourism potentials of Ondo State and make a case for the marketing and development of the State. Stratified sampling method was used to select the surveyed tourist centres among the identified tourism potentials in the state, while random sampling was adopted to collect data and information from tourists and non-tourists at the visited tourist centres. The results show that lack of interest in tourism, low disposable income and the inability of people to know the tourist sites are factors limiting the tourism participation in Ondo State, as revealed by the data collected. The impacts of tourism potentials in the study area included boosting of income, employment and business. The study concludes that tourism participation does not depend wholly on the level of income. There are many challenges facing the sector in the study area. Some of which are lack of accommodation, lack of awareness, inadequate water supply, lack of adequate support by both Local and State governments to the tourist centres. The study recommends proper funding of the tourist centres by the state government and supports from the federal government, as well as appropriate packaging and marketing of the potentials of the tourist centres to meet international standards.


Publisher Department Of Geography And Planning Science, Ekiti State University, Ado-ekiti, Nigeria.
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Administration Of Mare As A Contemporary Tourist Festival In Idanre Town Of Ondo State, Nigeria, Journal Of Geography, Environment And Planning, 9(3), 22-38.
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A., Awomuti, A.A. & Olufayo, O.
Year Published 2013
Abstract

Festivals have become major tourist attractions on a global scale. Certain demand and supply factors have equally influenced the evolution of contemporary festivals. Mare festival in Idanre town was initiated in Ondo State, Nigeria in the year 2009. This paper reveals certain aspects involved in the administration of Mare festival from inception till date. Survey design was employed with the aid of questionnaire administration to obtain data from 200 households on 9 randomly selected streets of Idanre town. Collated data provided information on the component activities of Mare festival, creation of awareness, quality of accommodation and health facilities, and forms of entertainment among others. Findings reveal among other things that inadequate accommodation in the host community was well compensated for in the nearby capital city while health facility and personnel have performed so well during the festival. Most prominent problem identified was the traffic jam generated during the festival while recommendations are made to further involve the private sector in the sponsorship of component activities and the attraction of fast-food companies to provide food and drinks for tourists.


Publisher Nigerian Institute Of Town Planners
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Assessing Local Economic Activities Of Fashion Design Business In The Informal Sector Of Ikeja, Nigeria. Journal Of The Nigerian Institute Of Town Planners, XXIII(2), 44-59. [Nigeria, 40%]. ISSN: 0189-8859
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A., Aluko, E. A. & Olowoniyi, O.A.
Year Published 2015
Abstract

The informal sector serves as a bailout for many individuals on the lower rungs of the economy ladder. In Nigeria, majority in this sector are involved in small-scale businesses, which are vital to personal and local economic development especially in urban communities. This study aimed at assessing the activities of fashion design sub-sector of the informal sector in Ikeja city of Lagos State, Nigeria with a view to suggesting strategies for improvement in the sub-sector. Specific objectives included identification of determinant factors for engaging in the business and the modus operandi of the operators. Other objectives were the investigation of inhibiting factors and elicitation of operators’ views on strategies for improvement in the sub-sector. Survey design was employed with the aid of multiple–choice questionnaires to elicit data from purposive 150 respondents at two cluster locations out of three large-scale highly patronized clusters. Tables and Charts were employed to present results of findings. It was discovered among other things that fashion design business was dominated by a youthful population of below age 25 who engaged in it due to lack of paid jobs. This was corroborated by the fact that most of these operators were itinerant fashion designers who lacked economic power to afford business locations. Dominant strategies suggested towards improving the sector include facilitation of access to soft loans and provision of retail and service clusters for those in the business.


Publisher Nigerian Institute Of Town Planners
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Assessing Local Economic Activities Of Fashion Design Business In The Informal Sector Of Ikeja, Nigeria. Journal Of The Nigerian Institute Of Town Planners, XXIII(2), 44-59. [Nigeria, 40%]. ISSN: 0189-8859
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A., Aluko, E. A. & Olowoniyi, O.A.
Year Published 2015
Abstract

The informal sector serves as a bailout for many individuals on the lower rungs of the economy ladder. In Nigeria, majority in this sector are involved in small-scale businesses, which are vital to personal and local economic development especially in urban communities. This study aimed at assessing the activities of fashion design sub-sector of the informal sector in Ikeja city of Lagos State, Nigeria with a view to suggesting strategies for improvement in the sub-sector. Specific objectives included identification of determinant factors for engaging in the business and the modus operandi of the operators. Other objectives were the investigation of inhibiting factors and elicitation of operators’ views on strategies for improvement in the sub-sector. Survey design was employed with the aid of multiple–choice questionnaires to elicit data from purposive 150 respondents at two cluster locations out of three large-scale highly patronized clusters. Tables and Charts were employed to present results of findings. It was discovered among other things that fashion design business was dominated by a youthful population of below age 25 who engaged in it due to lack of paid jobs. This was corroborated by the fact that most of these operators were itinerant fashion designers who lacked economic power to afford business locations. Dominant strategies suggested towards improving the sector include facilitation of access to soft loans and provision of retail and service clusters for those in the business.


Publisher Department Of Urban & Regional Planning, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife,Nigeria
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Impact Of Microfinance Bank Loans On Poverty Reduction In Oriade Local Government Area Of Osun State, Nigeria. Ife Planning Journal, 5(1), 23-35. [Nigeria, 50% Contribution]. ISSN: 978-052-372-4
Publication Authors Faseun, J.O. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2016
Abstract

Microfinance Banks (MFBs) play a significant role in improving people’s living standard. This study was aimed at assessing the role that Microfinance Bank loans play in poverty reduction in Oriade Local Government Area (LGA) of Osun State, Nigeria. Objectives included the identification of various loan schemes operated by the MFBs, elicitation of perception on conditions for obtaining loans, and investigation of opinions on interest rates and impact of loan acquisition on beneficiaries’ personal economy. Survey design was employed to investigate all the four (4) MFBs and ninety (90) randomly selected loan beneficiaries (out of which 83 responded) in the study area. Descriptive statistics involving charts and tables were involved in the analysis of the results. Findings revealed that loan beneficiaries recorded impressive improvement in their incomes and subsequently their standard of living after utilising the MFBs’ credit facilities. Recommendations include the establishment of more MFBs with strict monitoring and supervision by the Central Bank of Nigeria.


Publisher Society For Science And Education
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Livelihood Challenges Of Adjacent Communities Of National Parks In West Africa. Advances In Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(7), 69-78. [United Kingdom, 50% Contribution]. ISSN: 2055-0286
Publication Authors Arowosafe, F.C. and Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2017
Abstract

The livelihood challenges of communities adjacent to Kainji Lake and Mole National Parks in Nigeria and Ghana respectively were studied. This was intended to underscore the concept of Sustainable Livelihood in poverty alleviation. Survey design was employed using semi-structured questionnaire, Focus Group Discussion and Key Informant Interview to gather data from 582 residents of 20 communities adjacent to both Parks. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Results obtained show that the major livelihood activities at adjacent communities of both Parks were crop and livestock farming. Some livelihood challenges encountered at the communities include destruction of crops by wild animals, reduced access to farmlands, and exclusion from use of natural resources. Chi-squared analysis also reveals a significant difference between the challenges encountered at the adjacent communities to both Parks. To reduce the adverse effects of the Parks on the communities, compensation for damages, further collaboration with NGOs to provide infrastructure, and training on alternative sources of livelihood are recommended.


Publisher Faculty Of Environmental Design And Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Urban Economic Activities And Physical Planning Implications Of GSM Service Operation In Ede, Nigeria. In B.L. Aluko Et Al (Eds.), Proceedings Of The 2015 Environmental Design And Management International Conference With Theme “Responsive Built Environment”. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Held From 9th – 12th March, 2015, 535-545. [Nigeria, 50% Contribution]. ISBN: 978-2051-31-6
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. and Adesina, A.T.
Year Published 2015
Abstract

This study was aimed at investigating micro-economic activities and the physical planning implications of GSM service operation in Ede town of Osun State, Nigeria. Objectives included the identification of various operators* within the town; investigation of fund sourcing, income and mode of operation; and the identification of environmental impact of the operation. A survey was conducted with the aid of multiple-choice questionnaires on randomly selected 186 (out of 354) GSM service operators in Ede town. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Poisson distribution analysis to determine distribution pattern of GSM service locations. Among other findings, it was discovered that majority of the operators were young secondary or technical school graduates and 69% of them makes a maximum profit of N1,000** daily. A very high percentage of these did not belong to a cooperative society or have access to loans to start or boost their business but depended on personal savings. Indiscriminate erection of mostly unapproved structures which affect environmental aesthetics and traffic flow constituted some of the planning concerns. Recommendations include formation of cooperative societies by operators to boost funding and the creation of clusters by the local government for operators in the sector to solve or prevent identified physical planning problems.


Publisher School Of Environmental Technology, Federal University Of Technology, Akure
Publication Type Conference
Publication Title Environmental Impact Of Petrol Retail Outlets In Selected Local Government Areas Of Osun State, Nigeria. In O.J. Ebohon, D.A. Ayeni, C.O. Egbu & F.K. Omole (Eds.), Proceedings Of Joint International Conference (JIC2016) With Theme “21st Century Habitat: Issues, Sustainability And Development. Federal University Of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. Held From 21st – 24th March, 2016, 1658-1666. [Nigeria, 50% Contribution]. ISBN: 978-1-898523-00-0
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A. and Adisa, A.O.
Year Published 2016
Abstract

Petrol Retail Outlets (PROs), popularly called Petrol Stations, provide motorists with Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) or petrol, similar petroleum by-products, other automobile consumables and related services. This study investigated the impact of the existence of PROs on adjoining land-use in six (6) Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Osun State, Nigeria. The objectives were to identify the locations of PROs in the study LGAs, assess the condition of the identified PROs and obtain residents’ assessment of the impact of proximal PROs on their environment. With the aid of multi-stage sampling technique, forty-two (42) PROs and three hundred and ten (310) residents around the PROs were selected to elicit data using an interview guide and close-ended multiple-choice questionnaire respectively. Among other findings, it was discovered that about half of the respondents in the study area felt that the PROs were at least “good”. Furthermore, part of the study area had history of fuel spillage into underground water source for residential use while problems such as noise pollution and traffic congestion are aggravated at the period PMS scarcity. Strict compliance with physical planning standards by both the approving authority and the developer, suspension of approval of PROs in some communities and sensitization of PRO operators on crowd management (at the period of petrol scarcity) are some of the recommendations made to mitigate the impact of PROs on neighbouring communities. It is hoped that risk to man and the environment will be minimized by the implementation of recommendations.


Publisher European Center For Science, Education And Research (EUSER)
Publication Type Journal
Publication Title Benefits Of Golf Tourism To A Suburban Settlement: The Case Of Ilara-Mokin In Ondo State, Nigeria. European Journal Of Multidisciplinary Studies, 4(4), 64-72. [UK, 100%]. ISSN: 2414-8385 (Online), 2414-8377 (Print)
Publication Authors Emmanuel, A.A.
Year Published 2017
Abstract

Sports and associated facilities form a major tourist attraction and contribute to the development of host communities across the globe. This includes the benefits accruing from golf tourism to specific settlements. This research focused on the benefits of Smokin Hills Golf Course which is located in a suburban settlement, Ilara-Mokin, in Ondo State, Nigeria. It investigated the benefits of the existence of the golf course to the community at large and to its residents. It equally obtained the negative sentiments of residents of the community about the existence of the golf course. Both clustered and stratified sampling techniques were employed to obtain data from a purposive sample size of 150 residents in a culturally and economically homogenous Ilara-Mokin. A structured questionnaire (with open and close-ended questions) and an interview guide were utilised to obtain relevant data from selected residents and the golf course officials. Among other findings, it was discovered that social benefits outweighed economic benefits accruing to the community while the economic benefits were dominated by sales of consumables such as foods and drinks and also farm produce. Recommendations include the need for further infrastructural development of the town and an improved wage for workers at the golf course as indicated by residents.